美国,别低估觉醒的中国人

美国,别低估觉醒的中国人
编者按:美国一些媒体、政客常常质疑我国的抗疫体现,有的还指控我国隐秘感染人数。我国人民大学重阳金融研究院履行院长王文在《环球时报》英文版开设的“变局”专栏中指出,美国不只是轻视了我国政府强壮的发动与分配才能,更轻视了一般我国人为此自觉支付的尽力。我所寓居的望京,是北京世界化程度很高的区域。这里有许多全球500强公司区域总部,常住60万居民里约10%是外国人。每周末,我都会在望京各个公园之间健走,一边锻炼身体,一边调查着城市改动。按理说,我国大都城市已接连1个多月没有新增本乡新冠病例。这个酷爱自在、神往富贵、对标世界的街区,应该全面解禁了。但相反,包含许多外国人在内,望京居民们仍都戴着口罩,一点点没有放松,小心谨慎地防备二次复发的可能性。每个住宅小区、商场门口,有专人担任检测体温。在商务区,周末加班的公司也十分少,尽可能鼓舞在家作业。其实,不只是望京,14亿我国人、2800个县城大都都如此。只需政府不命令解禁,即使本地区从未呈现过病例,国民仍会自律,以强壮的忍耐力,为疫情防控做出经济上、生活上的个人献身。比较于美国,接连两个多月日均2万以上的新增病例,但许多州的民众已深恶痛绝,纷繁上街游行,反对政府的禁令。很多人乃至拒戴口罩,涌向海滩,有的城市还预备敞开大型体育赛事。医学计算标明,人人自觉戴口罩的社会,比一半人不戴口罩的社会,感染率将下降50倍。人们总是比较中美两国政府的管理才能,却常常忽视了这次疫情期中美两国民众的本质差异。美国一些媒体、政客常常质疑我国的抗疫体现,有的还指控我国隐秘感染人数。明显,他们不只是轻视了我国政府强壮的发动与分配才能,更轻视了一般我国人为此自觉支付的尽力。这是一种全民支付,包含从中心到底层社区的公务人员加班加点,排查阻隔检测的详尽作业,还包含上百万医务人员勇于贡献、如戎行般敢打硬仗,更包含每一位一般国民将生命看得高于一切的价值观与自我约束自在的社会成熟度。国民成熟度,是我国获得抗疫阶段性成功的重要文明暗码。虽然在1月份刚面临生疏病毒时,我国社会有一些手忙脚乱。在社区防控上,还存有一些小农意识。但很快我国就稳住了局势。阅历了2003年非典、2008年汶川大地震的我国人,在抗疫阶段的整体体现明显强于曩昔,也好于欧美社会。很明显,抗疫正在改动我国人的社会与政治价值观。像是一次思维启蒙,我国人正在呈现逾越西方新自在主义精力的新觉悟。40年前,我国从头翻开国门后,本位主义、自在主义如洪水般涌向我国,思维解放、权力维护、个别至上招引了很多我国人。不得不供认,这些源于西方现代化进程中的新思维,为我国变革开放的成功贡献了活跃力气。但才智的我国人将源于本乡的文明传统与外来的意识形态完美地结合起来,平衡了自在与约束、商场与政府、变革与安稳、本钱与公益、本位主义与集体主义之间的奇妙联系。每逢国家有困难时,那些有利于我国开展的文明特色就会突显出来。2008年世界金融危机后,我国人更是全面反思西方国家以新自在主义的运转逻辑的经济、金融、政治开展形式,自傲地发现了我国自己优势。“华盛顿一致”在我国全面破产,“我国计划”常常被世界所引述。在国家管理上,当下的我国人像检测出病毒那样,发现了此前从西方引入的经济与社会方针的问题。比方,房地产商场化,虽推进部分人财富增加,但隐藏着很多社会危险;交通私家车化,虽带来出行便当,但也是能源危机、环境恶化、城市病的要害症结。相反,一些根植于我国本乡的管理经历,却有不少亮点,比方精准扶贫;家庭储蓄习气;农村土地联产承包责任制;人类命运共同体的交际理念,等等。惋惜的是,美国大都媒体、政客仍将我国首创视为一种背叛、革新乃至是凶恶的存在。这无疑是一种意识形态层面的种族歧视。好在包含马丁·雅克、马凯硕、贝淡宁、罗思义等一批世界学者已开端从头研究我国。期望这样的外国学者越来越多。而那些轻视我国人觉悟的美国媒体、政客们,毕竟会为自己的过错而自我埋单。宣传片《我国速度》以下为英文版Never underestimate Chinese awakeningI live in Wangjing, a quite internationalized area in Beijing. Many Fortune 500 companies are headquartered there, and 10 percent of the around 600,000 residents are expats. Every weekend, I take walks in Wangjing's many parks to exercise and watch the changes in the city.There have been no new confirmed cases of COVID-19 for a month in many Chinese cities. Wangjing, the internationalized area, is supposed to ease the epidemic control measures. But Wangjing's residents, including many expats, are cautious. They continue to wear masks and guard against second wave of infections.This is not only happening in Wangjing. More than 2,800 counties nationwide and 1.4 billion Chinese are doing this too.As long as the government does not officially announce lifting the ban, people will always exercise discipline. Even if their residential areas have never reported an infection case, they will continue to make their own sacrifices for epidemic prevention and control.This stands in comparison with the US where an average of 20,000 daily cases have emerged for two consecutive months, the public in many states cannot bear stay-at-home order. Certain people even go to the street to protest control measures. Some even refuse to wear masks and flock to the beach. Some cities are even starting to prepare large-scale sporting events.Medical statistics show that the infection rate in a society where people are disciplined to wear masks is 50 times lower than in places where half of the people do not wear masks. Analysts tend to compare the governance abilities of both the Chinese and US governments, but ignore the differences of cultures between the two societies.This is a nationwide devotion. From the central government to grass-root communities, public servants work overtime and check quarantine work. Tens of thousands of medical workers battle against the virus. Every ordinary Chinese people put life above all values and exhibit social maturity to practice self-discipline.This national maturity is key to China's phased success in fighting the epidemic.During the initial stage of the outbreak in January, Chinese society was somehow chaotic, but the situation was soon much better. The Chinese people who have experienced the 2003 SARS outbreak and the 2008 Wenchuan earthquake perform much better than the past and than people in Europe and the US.Obviously, the COVID-19 fight is changing Chinese people's social and political values. It is like the Enlightenment, and Chinese people are experiencing a new spiritual awakening that is surpassing Western neoliberalism. When China opened up more than 40 years ago, individualism and liberalism flooded into the country. The emancipation of minds and protection of rights attracted Chinese people. We have to admit that these new thoughts, which originated from the process of Western modernization hundreds of years ago, have contributed to the success of China's reform and opening-up.But wise Chinese people have perfectly combined their domestic cultural traditions with foreign ideologies. They have balanced this delicate relationship between freedom and restriction, market and government, reform and stability, capital and welfare, and individualism and collectivism.Every time when our country faces difficulties, those cultural characteristics that benefit China's development will be highlighted.After the 2008 financial crisis, Chinese people fully reflected on Western countries' economic, financial and political model under neoliberalism. They confidently found China's own advantages. The Washington Consensus went bankrupt in China, and the Chinese approach was often quoted by the world.In terms of national governance, Chinese people have found problems in the economic and social policies introduced from the West. For example, although the marketization of real estate makes some people richer, it hides lots of social risks; the popularization of private cars, while bringing convenience, is the crux of the energy crisis, environmental degradation and urban diseases. On the contrary, some governance experiences rooted in China have shined, such as targeted poverty alleviation, the habit of household savings, the household contract responsibility system in the early 1980s, and the diplomatic concept of building a community with a shared future for humanity.But it is a pity that a lot of US media and politicians still regard these Chinese experiences as a rebellion, revolution or even evil. This is undoubtedly ideological discrimination.Fortunately, a group of international scholars, including Martin Jacques, Kishore Mahbubani, Daniel A. Bell and John Ross, have started to restudy China. Hopefully there will be more and more such foreign scholars. Those certain US media and politicians that underestimate the awakening of Chinese people will eventually pay for their own mistakes.

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